- Paul Ozin
- and Heather Norton
This chapter describes particular classes of detainee who may have difficulty in understanding the significance of procedures, questioning, and the potential implication of any decisions they may make or responses they may give. It discusses detainees that are recognized as special groups in Code C 3(B), which are deemed in need of special protection. It also explores Code C, this provides safeguards covering the detention, treatment, and questioning of the members of special groups. The chapter emphasizes how the Codes of Police and Criminal Evidence Act (PACE) 1984 recognize that special groups may be liable to give misleading, unreliable, or self-incriminating evidence. It states that any breach of the safeguards designed to protect the interests of special groups may give rise to a subsequent successful application to exclude any obtained evidence.